Interfacing NOAA/ANHRR NDVI and soil truth maps for monitoring vegetation phenology at a local scale in a heterogeneous landscape of Southern Italy
This paper discusses the preprocessing, clustering, and labelling steps of data supplied from NOAA Advanced Very High Radiometers (AVHRR) to monitor vegetation phenology in a complex area (Vulture Basin, Italy). Time cluster maps of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) are compared with a land use map and a Digital Elevation Model of the region. This study results show that AVHRR/NDVI well discriminates forested areas whatever the altitude may be; whereas the phenology of cultivated fields must be distinguished between plain and mountain phenology. The pixels not fitting into this picture mostly account for three peculiar microclimatic situations (two long and narrow valleys and a smooth, sunny mountain area).