Correction of bottom influence in ocean colour satellite images of shallow water areas of the Baltic Sea
Ocean colour satellite measurements are mainly disturbed by the atmosphere, the sea surface and the sea bottom in shallow water areas. In such areas special features of bottom topography can be recognized in satellite images of the visible spectrum and the derived concentrations of water constituents are often misinterpreted. The influence of the sea bottom depends on the water depth, the transmission of the water column, the reflectance of the water, the reflectivity of the bottom materials and the used spectral channels of satellite sensors. The influence of the sea bottom on the spectral reflectance at the sea surface is discussed here on the basis of model computations. The calculations are realized for examples of shallow water areas of the Baltic Sea. Furthermore, a technique for the identification of sea bottom disturbed pixels in satellite images and for the elimination of bottom effects is presented. A linear regression analysis between the bottom depth and the spectral reflectance in the different satellite sensor channels is used in order to test the correlation between these two variables. If a relationship exists, the reflectances have to be corrected. This procedure and the elimination of the bottom influence will be explained for specific satellite systems.
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