Comparison of SAR amplitude vs. coherence flood detection methods - a GIS application
Flood area detection from multipass Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data can be performed via amplitude change detection techniques. These methods allow flooded zones to be discriminated only when they are flooded at the time of the second passage, and not at the time of the first one. Coherence derived from multipass SAR interferometry can be used instead, as an indicator of changes in the electromagnetic scattering behaviour of the surface, thus potentially revealing all the areas affected by the flood event at any time between the two passes. The paper presents a prototype application of such techniques, that is, a flood map obtained from ERS-1/2 data taken over Beziers (Southern France), through proper thresholding of a combination of amplitude and coherence information. Produced in the framework of an ESA project, the map consists of a DXF vector file which can be imported directly into most commercial GIS software.