Evaluation of various digital image processing techniques for detection of coastal wetlands using ERS-1 SAR data
One of the problems associated with synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data analysis is the presence of random noise or speckle SAR data, being achromatic in nature, which offers very limited scope for the detection and delineation of various terrain features. ERS-1 SAR data for the coastal region of West Bengal, India were processed (a) to suppress the random noise using various filters, (b) to generate the intensity, hue and saturation (IHS) transform from temporal SAR data, and (c) to study the synergism of SAR data with optical sensor data. The results indicate that the Gamma MSP filter with a 5 5 pixel kernel size has been the most efficient in suppressing the noise and concurrently improving the image contrast. The IHS transform of temporal SAR data made it easier to discriminate between various wetland categories. This was also the case with hybrid image generated by the Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS-1B) Linear Imaging and Self-scanning Sensor (LISS-II) data when compared to SAR data alone.