Land cover discrimination from multitemporal ERS images and multispectral Landsat images: a study case in an agricultural area in France
More and more remote sensing data corresponding to various wavelength domains is becoming available. Visible/infrared data were first used for land cover classification. However, radar data are becoming more widely used for hydrological and agricultural applications. This paper discusses the performance, for land cover type discrimination, of an optical image acquisition and a multitemporal radar series. For the majority of land cover types existing within the test site (representative of northern European agricultural areas), both ERS multitemporal SAR and Landsat multispectral visible/infrared classifications lead to good results, with the latter being more robust. For better identification of cultures that are less represented, the complementarity of the two datasets may be exploited using an efficient data fusion algorithm based on the Dempster-Shafer evidence theory. The performance of this combination was verified on two successive vegetation cycles.