Despite the tremendous attention given to conservation projects in the Neotropics, few published studies have documented remote sensing studies in tropical highland areas. Even fewer publications have addressed the use of topographic normalization methods in these regions. This article discusses the influence of anisotropic reflectance patterns on land cover classification for two study areas characterized by very rugged terrain and high relief. Landsat Thematic Mapper subscenes for sites in both Costa Rica and Ecuador were corrected using both Lambertian and non-Lambertian models. While use of the Lambertian model proved inappropriate for these mountainous areas, application of the non-Lambertian model enhanced classification accuracies.