Combining agricultural crop models and satellite observations: from field to regional scales
Abstract. This review article gives an overview of how satellite observations are used to feed or tune crop models and improve their capability to predict crop yields in a region. Relations between crop characteristics which correspond to models state variables and satellite observations are briefly analysed, together with the various types of crop models commonly used. Various strategies for introducing short wavelength radiometric information into specific crop models are described, from direct update of model state variables to optimization of model parameter values, and some of them are exemplified. Methods to unmix crop-specific information from mixed pixels in coarse resolution-high frequency imagery are analysed. The conditions of use of the various methods and types of information are discussed.