A satellite remote sensing technique for geological structure horizon mapping
Abstract. A satellite remote sensing technique is demonstrated for generating near surface geological structure data. This technique enables the screening of large areas and targeting of seismic acquisition during hydrocarbon exploration. This is of particular advantage in terrains where surveying is logistically difficult. Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data and a high resolution digital elevation model (DEM), are used to identify the map outcropping horizons. These are used to reconstruct the near surface structure. The technique is applied in Central Yeman which is characterized by a 'layer-cake` stratigraphic section and low dipping terrain. The results are validated using two-dimensional seismic data. The near surface map images faults and structure not apparent in the raw data. Comparison with the structure map generated from two-dimensional seismic data indicates very good structural and fault correlation. The near surface map successfully highlights areas of potential closure at reservoir depths.