Abstract. The results of a comparative investigation of lineament mapping from stereoscopic Large Format Camera (LFC) photographs and from SIR-C L- and C-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data are described. The lineament patterns are used to test a model developed by Koch (1993) of groundwater flow in the arid Red Sea Hills area of Sudan. Initial results show that the LFC imagery is most useful for mapping detailed fracture patterns while the combination of the L- and C-bands of the SIR-C Synthetic Aperture Radar is helpful in the location of major deep-seated fracture zones. The lineament patterns derived from LFC and SIR-C show strong N-S and E-W orientations, which correspond to the current tectonic configuration of the Red Sea rift system. The longer E-W trending features may be important from a regional hydro-geological point of view, whereas the shorter features are significant in that they interconnect the major faults.