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Quality design of tolerance allocation for sheet metal assembly with resistance spot weld

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Tolerance directly influences the functionality of the products and the related manufacturing costs, and tolerance allocation is of great importance for improving the assembly quality. However, the information required to allocate tolerances for complex 3D assemblies is generally not available at the initial design stage. In this paper, a new quality design methodology is developed, which makes use of both original design data obtained by the response surface methodology and the extra interpolation data obtained by the Kriging method. The finite element modelling is presented for the sheet metal assembly process as no explicit relationship of the variations for key characteristic points are available. The robust tolerances can be allocated based on the quality design model. A case study with the typical assembly process of the rear compartment pan and the wheelhouse is carried out in the paper, the tolerance allocation results show that the developed quality design methodology is capable of determining the robust manufacturing tolerance before assembly, which satisfies the product requirements. This method enables a robust tolerancing scheme to be used in the sheet metal assembly process.

Keywords: quality design; sheet metal assembly; tolerance allocation

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen, P.R. China

Publication date: January 1, 2009

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