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Tour splitting algorithms for vehicle routing problems

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Tour splitting heuristics for capacitated vehicle routing problems build one giant tour visiting all customers and split this tour into capacity-feasible vehicle trips. They are seldom used alone because of a reputation of limited performance. This paper describes how to improve them to obtain better solutions or tackle additional constraints. Numerical tests on the capacitated arc routing problem (CARP) and the capacitated vehicle routing problem (CVRP) show that randomized versions outperform classical constructive heuristics. A greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP) and an iterated local search (ILS) based on these principles even compete with published metaheuristics, while being faster and simpler.
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Keywords: Capacitated arc routing problem; Greedy randomized adaptive search procedure; Iterated local search; Route-first cluster-second heuristic; Vehicle routing problem

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute Charles Delaunay, University of Technology of Troyes, Troyes, France

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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