Somatosensory and visual evoked potentials in children with cerebral palsy: Correlations and discrepancies with MRI findings and clinical picture
Authors: Kułak, Wojciech; Sobaniec, Wojciech; Sołowiej, Elżbieta; Boćkowski, Leszek
Source: Pediatric Rehabilitation, Volume 9, Number 3, July-September 2006 , pp. 201-209(9)
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd
Abstract:Purpose : To determine if there is any association between the findings of visual evoked potentials (VEPs), somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings with the neurodevelopment and severity in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods : The present study included 15 children with spastic diplegic CP and five children with spastic hemiplegic CP and 42 healthy children as controls. The number of the controls was two-times greater than the study group to increase statistical power of this study. VEPs and SEPs were recorded in the CP children and compared with healthy controls. All MR scans were obtained using a 1.5 T MR scanner. Results : A significant difference was found in the latencies P100 (VEP) between the CP and controls. No correlations between increased P100 latencies and asphyxia, prematurity, the CP severity, MRI findings and mental retardation were noted. A significant difference in N13-N20 conductions (SEPs) between the subjects with CP and the control group was found. SEPs were positively correlated with mental retardation in CP children. The brain lesions in MRI showed a significant correlation with the CP severity scores and mental retardation. Conclusion : The differences in VEPs and SEPs were determined between CP children and healthy children. The MRI findings were positively correlated with the CP severity and mental retardation.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2006-07-01