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Molecular organization in two-dimensional films of liquid I. Langmuir films of binary mixtures of liquid crystals with a crystalline mixtures terminal cyano group

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The Langmuir films of two liquid crystal materials, 4-octyl-4'-cyanobiphenyl (8CB) and 4-pentyl-4"-cyano-p-terphenyl (5CT), and of their mixtures have been studied by recording surface pressure-area isotherms and Brewster angle microscopy (BAM) images. The pure liquid crystals revealed very different characters of the surface pressure-area isotherms indicating different organization of the molecules and different molecular interactions in the monolayer at the water-air interface. The surface pressure-area isotherms of Langmuir films formed from 8CB/5CT mixtures give evidence for phase separation of the components over the whole range of molar fractions. Similar conclusions have been drawn on the basis of BAM image analysis.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Faculty of Technical Physics, Poznan University of Technology, Piotrowo 3, 60-965 Poznan, Poland

Publication date: 01 March 2001

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