Skip to main content

Patterns in soil quality: Natural geochemical variability versus anthropogenic impact in soils of Zeeland, The Netherlands

Buy Article:

$63.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

We demonstrate a structured approach to identify natural as well as anthropogenic geochemical patterns in sedimentary soils, using statistical techniques that increase in complexity and the requirements for auxiliary data. Comparison with the average upper continental crust identified natural regional features, such as a relative enrichment of As, due to a low-lying deltaic environment, and of Cr and Zr, related to a specific heavy mineral association. Identification of diffuse contamination is best achieved by comparison with a local reference. The Zeeland subsoil is shown to have undergone only minor anthropogenic influence and to serve this purpose very well. A topsoil-subsoil comparison revealed anthropogenic enrichments for Cd, Cu, P, Pb, S, Sb, Sn, Zn, and partly for As, while typically 'non-anthropogenic' trace elements like Cs, Ga, La, and Rb were found not to be enriched. Except for P and S, the enriched components show a good correlation with Al2O3, a proxy for clay mineralogy, and a bivariate topsoil-subsoil comparison is made using a trimmed Reduced Major Axis regression. Two subregions are identified with different associations (Zn, Pb, and Cd, versus As, Cd, Cu, and Sn) of higher-than-average enrichments.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Diffuse contamination; Geochemistry; Soil

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Universiteit Utrecht, Faculty of Geosciences, Departments of Physical Geography and Geochemistry, NL-3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands 2: National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Laboratory for Ecological Risk Assessment, NL-3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Publication date: 2007-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more