Acceleration technologies for charged particles: an introduction
Abstract:Particle accelerators have many important uses in scientific experiments, in industry and in medicine. This paper reviews the variety of technologies which are used to accelerate charged particles to high energies. It aims to show how the capabilities and limitations of these technologies are related to underlying physical principles. The paper emphasises the way in which different technologies are used together to convey energy from the electrical supply to the accelerated particles.
Keywords: betatron; cyclotron; electrostatic accelerator; high power radio-frequency sources; induction accelerator; inductive output tube (IOT); klystron; magnetron; particle accelerator; power converter; radio-frequency accelerator; synchrotron; tetrode
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK,The Cockcroft Institute, Daresbury, Warrington, UK
Publication date: January 1, 2011