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Defect formation in the early universe

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Abstract:

Topological defects are common in many everyday systems. In general, they appear if a symmetry is broken at a rapid phase transition. In this article, I explain why it is believed that they should have also been formed in the early universe and how that would have happened. If topological defects are found, this will provide a way to study observationally the first fractions of a second after the Big Bang, but their apparent absence can also tell us many things about the early universe.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00107510310001607206

Publication date: November 1, 2003

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tandf/tcph/2003/00000044/00000006/art00002
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