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Few cycle EM pulses

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Modern ultrafast lasers can produce pulses so short that they exist for no more than a few oscillations of the carrier wave. Once thought of as exotic phenomena, these pulses introduce new challenges and have potential uses in novel applications as diverse as metrology and quantum control. New measurement techniques are now able to take a snapshot of the electric field of these pulses, allowing their intensity and phase characteristics to be manipulated and established theories describing how optical pulses propagate are being challenged as pulse durations become so short that concepts of a separate carrier wave and its envelope are no longer appropriate.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 1999-05-01

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