The union of arts and sciences in the eighteenth century: Lorenz Spengler (1720–1807), artistic turner and natural scientist
The life and career of Lorenz Spengler (1720–1807) provides evidence to support the view that the eighteenth century was a period when there was a fruitful interrelationship between the arts, crafts, and sciences in the courts and capitals of Europe. Spengler was trained as a turner, and was appointed teacher of ornamental turning to the Danish royal family and turner of the court in 1745. Even in the early years of his artistic career Spengler was interested in electricity and its role in healing, and he became an avid collector of shells and naturalia. Over the years, Spengler's interests turned more to the natural sciences, and in 1771 he was appointed director of the King's Kunstkammer . Only by considering both aspects of Spengler's career can his scientific activities be placed in their proper historical context.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine, University of Oxford, 47 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 6PE, UK
Publication date: 1983-09-01