Stalked crinoids from a Jurassic tidal deposit in western North America
Authors: Tang, Carol M.; Bottjer, David J.; Simms, Michael J.
Source: Lethaia, Volume 33, Number 1, 31 August 2000 , pp. 46-54(9)
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd
Abstract:This is the first systematic and paleoecological study of a crinoidal limestone (encrinite) from the Jurassic System of North America. The encrinite is part of a shallow-water tidal facies of the Middle Jurassic Carmel Formation located at Mount Carmel Junction (southwestern Utah, U.S.A.) and may represent one of the youngest shallow-water encrinites in the geological record. In the past, the crinoid at this locality was referred to as Pentacrinus asteriscus, a name used to describe almost all of the crinoid columnals found throughout the Jurassic of the U.S. western interior. However, systematic work indicates that the crinoid is Isocrinus nicoleti and is the first non-endemic crinoid to be reported from North American Jurassic strata. Although articulated pinnules and arms have been found, I. nicoleti occurs predominantly as well-preserved, partially articulated columnals. The crinoids occur within a tidal complex consisting of ooid shoal, tidal channel, and lagoonal facies. The unique environmental and ecological conditions which existed in the southernmost end of the Jurassic North America seaway may have allowed for the development of this crinoid colony and subsequent deposition of the encrinite.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Geology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404 USA
Publication date: August 31, 2000
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