Effects of sample size and tree selection criteria on the performance of taper equations

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Abstract:

Accuracy of a taper equation is affected by the quality of calibration data. We evaluated the effects of eight tree selection protocols, originating from two sample sizes and four tree selection criteria (randomly selected trees, trees with diameter at breast height (DBH) closest to quadratic mean diameter, dominant/ co-dominant trees, and trees randomly selected from each class of stratified basal area [BA]), on the accuracy of taper equations by Sharma and Zhang and Kozak by comparing resulting predictions of diameters inside bark and cumulative volumes of tree stems. Evaluations were performed using the data collected via stem analysis from 1098 jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.), and 1122 black spruce (Picea mariana Mill. BSP) trees sampled across the boreal forest of Northern Ontario. About half of the trees were randomly selected for model calibration and the remainder was used for model evaluation. Prediction accuracy, here defined as bias, depended on the tree species, the tree selection protocol including sample size and tree selection criteria, and the model form of the taper equation. A protocol that involved selecting trees from five stratified BA classes (one randomly selected tree from each BA class) was more efficient than other protocols in representing the mean taper function of jack pine and black spruce trees for both taper equations for small sample sizes (five trees per plot). The minimum number of trees required to model taper equations without compromising model accuracy depended on tree species and the model form used to describe tree taper.

Keywords: Stem profile model; bootstrapping; model calibration; tree selection protocol

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2011.583677

Affiliations: 1: Ontario Forest Research Institute,Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Sault Ste MarieON, Canada 2: Northeast Regional Office,Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, South PorcupineON, Canada

Publication date: December 1, 2011

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