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Accuracy using xylometry of log volume estimates for two tree species in Turkey

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Water displacement (xylometry) was used to determine true volumes of 28 logs from Cilicica fir (Abies cilicica Carr.) and Brutian pine (Pinus brutia Ten.) trees ranging from 15 to 52 cm in diameter at breast height. Three methods were used with xylometry, measuring the increase in water level, the increase in weight of the xylometer or the decrease in weight of the object, and converting weight change to change in water volume. Traditional formulae (Huber, Smalian and Newton) and some recent methods and formulae (Bruce, overlapping bolts, Patterson-Doruska, the centroid and center of gravity) were used to estimate these volumes and the results were compared with the true values for both accuracy and precision. Comparison of these eight procedures for predicting log volumes of the two species tested showed that the centroid and center of gravity methods were less biased and provided better precision than other formulae and methods for estimating log volumes.

Keywords: Abies cilicica; Pinus brutia; accuracy; centroid; log volume; precision; xylometry

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Forestry, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey 2: School of Forest Resources, Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania, USA 3: Division of Forestry and Natural Resources, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA

Publication date: 2008-06-01

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