Local spatial pattern in the occurrence of two congeneric wood-decaying fungi in an old-growth boreal forest
Abstract:This paper characterizes spatial patterns in the occurrence of two congeneric wood-decaying fungi (Aphyllophorales: Polyporaceae) in an old-growth boreal forest in eastern Finland. The spatial patterns are used to evaluate indirectly the short-distance dispersal ability of the species. Fomitopsis rosea is a specialist on Picea abies occurring mainly in forests with large amounts of dead wood, whereas Fomitopsis pinicola is a substrate generalist and also abundant in managed forests. Within a forest reserve, a 25 ha study area was divided into 25 m×25 m grid ( n =400), and all dead trees and fruiting bodies of the two polypore species were recorded. Spatial patterns were analysed with Spatial Analysis by Distance IndicEs methodology (SADIE). Downed spruce logs were highly aggregated within the study area. After this distribution was accounted for, the spatial pattern of F. pinicola and F. rosea on logs was random. The lack of spatial aggregation suggests that within old-growth forest stands dispersal of the two fungal species is not a limiting factor for their occurrence.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: University of Joensuu, Joensuu, Finland
Publication date: October 1, 2005