Scenic Impacts of Retention Trees in Clear-cutting Areas
Authors: TÃ¶nnes, Susan; Karjalainen, Eeva; LÃ¶fstrÃ¶m, Irja; Neuvonen, Marjo
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, Volume 19, Number 4, April 2004 , pp. 348-357(10)
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd
The aim of this study was to examine the ways in which the volume, physical appearance and location of retention trees affect the scenic quality of clear-cutting areas. A total of 373 respondents rated 40 digitally edited images. If only a few retention trees remained in the cutting area, they did not seem to affect the ratings, but when 3 m3 haâ^’1 was retained the scenic quality of the clear-cutting area improved. The better the condition of the retention trees, the more they were appreciated. Retention trees in a poor condition did not enhance the scenic quality of clear-cutting areas. Mature retention trees were found to be more attractive than undergrowth. Even undergrowth was preferred to clear-cutting areas without any trees. Respondents also preferred retention trees standing alone to trees in groups. Forest owners provided higher overall preference scores than visitors. The scenic quality of clear-cutting areas can be substantially improved if there remains an adequate volume of mature retention trees that are in good condition.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Finnish Forest Research Institute, P.O. Box 18, FI-01301 Vantaa
Publication date: 2004-04-01