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Performance of Sown and Naturally Regenerated Picea abies Seedlings Under Different Scarification and Harvesting Regimens

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Establishment, survival and height growth of sown and naturally regenerated Picea abies (L.) Karst. seedlings were examined in a 6 yr period in eight stands on bilberry woodland in south-east Norway. Five harvesting treatments (shelterwoods of high, medium and low density, 25×25 m patch-cut, 50×50 m clear-cut) and three scarification alternatives (unscarified, patch scarification, inverting) were combined in a split-plot design. Establishment, survival and plant height after 6 yrs were positively affected by scarification. Significant differences between patch scarification and inverting were not observed, although mortality tended to be lower, and seedlings slightly taller, after patch scarification. Establishment after natural seedfall was least successful on the clear-cut, but more or less equal at the other stand treatments. Height growth increased with decreasing overstorey retention, while there was a tendency towards lower survival on the clear-cuts and patch-cuts. Natural regeneration in the unscarified plots was unsuccessful after 6 yrs, while the different combinations of harvesting and scarification treatments usually gave sufficient regeneration.

Keywords: Growth; Norway spruce; harvesting intensity; mortality; natural regeneration; site preparation

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Forest Sciences Agricultural University of Norway N-1432 P.O. Box 5044 Ås

Publication date: 2003-07-01

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