Effects of Root Freezing on the Physiology and Growth of Picea glauca, Picea mariana and Pinus banksiana Seedlings Under Different Soil Moisture Regimes

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Abstract:

The root systems of 2-yr-old Picea glauca, Picea mariana and Pinus banksiana seedlings were submitted to various frost temperatures during an artificial frost to induce different levels of root damage. Frost-damaged and control seedlings were placed in a greenhouse under high and low soil moisture regimes. Seedling growth and physiology were evaluated periodically. Seedling survival was reduced when root damage reached levels of 60-80%. Root systems of all three species showed partial to total recovery by the end of the experiment. In general, root freezing damage caused reductions in seedling growth, with these reductions becoming less significant over time. Root damage had little to no effect on black spruce and jack pine seedling physiology, while white spruce CO2 uptake decreased with increasing root damage. Shoot nitrogen content of all three species decreased slightly with increasing root damage.

Keywords: BIOMASS; BLACK; CONTAINERIZED; JACK; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; PINE; POTENTIAL; RATIO; ROOT; SEEDLINGS; SHOOT; SPRUCE; WATER; WHITE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/028275802753742873

Publication date: June 1, 2002

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