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Models for Assessing Timber Grade Distribution and Economic Value of Standing Birch Trees

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In order to obtain a more precise prediction of the distribution of each timber grade or log grade with regard to the volume of birch (Betula pendula Roth., B. pubescens Ehrh.) in models for long-term planning, ordered probit models were developed. These models were developed by using data from three mixed birch and Norway spruce stands in Norway. The data consisted of 168 stems. In Norway, three ordinary birch saw log grades are commonly used, with pulpwood as a fourth grade. In this study, these four grades were applied in addition to waste timber, which was treated as a fifth grade. The developed models showed that the grade distribution of birch trees of mixed birch and spruce stands was highly correlated with tree height (p<0.01) and height to first visible dry branch (p=0.081). The statistical significance of both models was good (p<0.0001), as measured by log likelihood test statistics. Classifying the 168 stems by saw timber or pulpwood in butt log led to greatly improved estimates (p<0.01). The developed models would allow the incorporation of timber grade in stand simulators, enabling more precise predictions regarding the economic implications of alternative management strategies for birch trees.
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Keywords: BETULA; DISTRIBUTION; GRADE; MODEL; ORDERED; PENDULA; PROBIT; PUBESCENS; TIMBER

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Forest Sciences, Agricultural University of Norway, P.O. Box 5044, N-1432, ├ůs, Norway

Publication date: 2000-11-25

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