Productivity and Costs in Shelterwood Harvesting
Abstract:Harvesting costs have a significant influence on the application and potential use of the shelterwood system. These costs are strongly related to the time needed for the logging operations. In this study, which was carried out in Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] stands in northern Sweden, the effective time (E0) of a single-grip harvester in shelterwood cutting, thinning of shelterwoods and clearcutting was measured. Based on these data the costs of shelterwood harvestings and clearcutting were calculated and compared. It was found that (1) the time per tree in shelterwood cutting and thinning of shelterwoods was greater than in clearcutting, (2) the time per cubic metre was higher in sparse shelterwoods than in dense shelterwoods, (3) most of this increase was due to longer driving time because fewer trees were harvested, and (4) the longer time and higher logging costs in the shelterwood system (compared with the clearcutting system) were mostly related to the establishment of the shelterwood. It was concluded that the shelterwood alternative is especially competitive when it is desirable to maximize the share of saw logs at the expense of pulpwood.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Forestry, Department of Silviculture, SE-901 83, Umea˚, Sweden
Publication date: 2000-11-25