The importance of site type and tree species on disease incidence of Gremmeniella abietina was investigated. Blocks of four conventional regenerations of Pinus contorta and Pinus sylvestris, situated on sites formerly supporting pure stands of P. sylvestris and Picea abies respectively, were examined for the occurrence of G. abietina. Trees planted on spruce sites were found to be more severely diseased by G. abietina than trees planted on pine sites. Pinus contorta was more severely attacked by G. abietina than P. sylvestris on both site types. The results show that plantations of P. contorta and P. sylvestris in areas originally covered with pure spruce forests run a high risk of damage by G. abietina.