Quantitative Glucose Metabolism in Lactating Mink (Mustela vison) - Effects of Dietary Levels of Protein, Fat and Carbohydrates
Abstract:Glucose metabolism was measured during two consecutive years, 4 weeks postpartum, in a total of 36 yearling female mink, fitted with jugular vein catheters and raising litters of six to seven kits. The dams were fed ad libitum from parturition on diets with different ratios of metabolizable energy (ME) derived from protein:fat:carbohydrates (experiment 1: 61:37:2, 46:37:17, 31:37:32; experiment 2: 61:38:1, 47:52:1, 33:66:1). After 3 h fasting the dams were fed 210 kJ ME of the experimental diets. Two hours postprandially a single dose of 50 Ci U-14C- and 2-3H-labelled glucose was administered to each dam and blood samples were drawn 5, 10, 20, 30, 45 and 60 min after the tracer administration. Glucose turnover rates were 4-5% min-1 in all dams, and the approximate daily glucose flux was 12-17 g day-1; however, these were not significantly affected by dietary treatment. In conclusion, the mink is able both to synthesize large amounts of glucose de novo and to utilize high levels of dietary digestible carbohydrates, and thereby to tolerate large variations in dietary carbohydrate supply.
Document Type: Original Article
Publication date: February 1, 2002