Study of Rhodamine B Retention by Polyurethane Foam from Aqueous Medium in Presence of Sodium Dodecylsulfate
This work reports a study about the adsorption of Rhodamine B (RB) by unloaded polyether type polyurethane foam (PUF) in a medium containing sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS). The adsorption process was based on the formation of an ionic-pair between RB and SDS, which presented high affinity by PUF. Adsorption was characterized in relation to equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic aspects and the results obtained showed that the ratio between the SDS and RB concentrations played an important role on the adsorption efficiency. A maximum adsorption capacity of 6.85 × 10-6 mol RB g-1 was observed at established experimental conditions. The adsorption process was spontaneous (negative ΔG) and presented an endothermic characteristic (positive ΔH). Also, its rate was regulated by an intraparticle diffusion process. Sequential extraction experiments were carried out by changing PUF plugs in 30 and 60 min time intervals, resulting in removal rates higher than 95%.
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