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The Effect of Zeolite Fixed Bed Depth on Lead Removal from Aqueous Solutions

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The effect of zeolite bed depth on lead removal from aqueous solutions by the column method has been examined. The results indicate that the increase of bed depth delays the breakthrough point and exhaustion point, and increases the contact time of the zeolite - lead solution, and the height of the mass transfer zone, hz. The increase of the bed depth lowers the effect of axial dispersion on the mass transfer process. In order to predict the time necessary for exceeding the defined effluent concentration for a constant bed depth, the bed depth service time (BDST) approach has been used. Experimentally obtained breakthrough curves for the flow rate of 1 ml/min were used to derive the BDST approach equations. These equations were successfully used for modelling of the system for flow rates of 2 and 3 ml/min. The BDST equations have yielded modelled linear equations used for calculation of hz. The increase of the flow rate increases hz, which indicates that the zeolite-solution contact time is not sufficient. This may be attributed to the affect of axial dispersion on mass transfer on the solid-liquid interface.
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Keywords: BDST approach; fixed bed; lead; natural zeolite

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Split, Croatia

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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