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Application of Acid Treated Almond Peel for Removal and Recovery of Brilliant Green from Industrial Wastewater by Column Operation

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Abstract:

The treated almond peels (TAP) have been employed as adsorbents for the removal of Brilliant green dye from waste water. The nature of possible adsorbent and dye interaction was examined by the FTIR and SEM technique. The adsorption of BG was found to be maximum (93%) at pH 8. The extent of removal of BG was found to be dependent on the adsorbent dose, the temperatures, and the times. The equilibrium data for adsorption was best represented by the Langmuir isotherm. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔH0 and ΔG0) suggest endothermic and spontaneous process. Kinetic studies show better applicability of second-order kinetic model. The practical utility of TAP was demonstrated by removing BG from pure solution and industrial effluent system by column process. It was found that the removal effficiency of TAP was better by pure solution. The breakthrough capacities of pure solution and industrial effluent systems on TAP are found to be 30 and 17 mg/g, respectively.

Keywords: Biosorption; breakthrough; capacity; characterization; desorption; isotherm; kinetics

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01496390902775836

Affiliations: Environmental Research Laboratory, Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP, India

Publication date: May 1, 2009

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