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Arsenic Removal from Aqueous Solution by Iron Oxide-Coated Biomass: Common Ion Effects and Thermodynamic Analysis

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Abstract:

A batch study showed that the presence of anions (sulfate, chloride, and nitrate) in solution did not affect the adsorption process of both As(V) and As(III) by iron oxide-coated A. niger biomass. It was found that the presence of Ca2+, Fe2+, and Mg2+ ions at a concentration of 200 mg/L in solution could increase the removal efficiency of As(V) by 86.5%, 95.4%, and 65.8%, respectively. Similarly, the presence of Ca2+, Fe2+, and Mg2+ ions at a concentration of 200 mg/L in solution could increase the removal efficiency of As(III) by 39.3%, 97%, and 8.4%, respectively. The batch adsorption-desorption study showed that the reactions between the arsenic species and the iron oxide-coated A. niger biomass were reversible. Desorption of As(V) and As(III) at neutral pH was approximately 15%. As(V) desorbed more than As(III) in acidic (pH 1.33) and alkaline (pH 12.56) solutions. At a pH of 1.33, 67% of the adsorbed As(V) desorbed, and the percentage of desorbed As(III) was only 47.1% in the same condition. At a solution pH of 12.56, 73.4% of the As(V), and 43.7% of As(III) desorbed. The thermodynamic study showed the spontaneous nature of the sorption of arsenic on IOCB. The high value of the heat of adsorption {ΔH ≍ - 133 kJ/mol for As(V), and 88.9 k/mol for As(III)} indicated that the mechanism of arsenic sorption was chemisorption.

Keywords: Adsorption; batch processing; biosorption; ion effect; purification; thermodynamics

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01496390802212609

Affiliations: Faculty of Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, SK, Canada

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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