This paper draws on social impact assessment (SIA) and benefit-sharing literature as well as practical SIA project experience in more than 18 different countries. It suggests four practical steps to promote the implementation of enhancement measures in projects: (1) early consideration
of positive impacts, benefits and beneficiaries; (2) meaningful consultation and empowerment of beneficiaries; (3) including benefit enhancement measures in project finance agreements; and (4) independent monitoring of project benefits. The paper proposes that enhancement measures should be
culturally appropriate, relevant to the project objectives and activities, cost effective, and contribute to the project being a good corporate neighbour. The paper argues that it is critical that employment generation is monitored in order to confirm it has the positive impact predicted in
SIAs, as sometimes there is little review of who gains from the employment opportunities and how equitably the benefits are distributed within local project affected communities. The paper recommends that enhancement should not be seen as an add-on in SIA processes but rather as a core means
to convert project risks to sustainable development opportunities.
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