Professional practice: Vale and its corporate sustainability performance in Itabira, Brazil: is the glass half full or half empty?
This paper looks at two questions underexplored in the corporate responsibility literature and of interest to impact assessment researchers. In low-income resource-rich communities with weak governance systems, what exactly does corporate commitment to sustainability achieve for the local community, and what is the role of government? The role of EIA? These are examined with reference to Vale's mining operations in Itabira, Brazil. Through the voices of key informants and review of documentation the authors analyse how well Vale has addressed community concerns as reflected in the 52 conditions attached to the Licença de Operação Corretiva (Corrective Operation Licence), which is part of Brazil's EIA process.
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