This article looks at the interconnections among agricultural trade liberalisation, land degradation, and poverty in the world’s rural drylands. It seeks to better understand the implications of the Doha Round on United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) implementation,
and to derive policy implications to improve coherence among agricultural trade, poverty alleviation, and land management strategies, with a specific focus on activities to combat desertification under the framework of the UNCCD. In line with the UNCCD approach, the analysis considers both
the environmental and socio-economic drivers of desertification.