Water scarcity and related environmental problems in parts of sub-Saharan Africa: the role of the transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment Convention
The water scarcity problem in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is examined as a national and regional problem. It is argued that lack of water could cause environmental public health problems. The environmental implications are highlighted and some measures proposed to reduce the inherent dangers. Using the UN Economic Commission for Europe Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Convention as a case study, some implications for SSA are explored. Despite many limitations, the Convention has a role in the management of shared water resources in SSA. Research at national and regional levels is needed to determine the quantity and quality of water available for sharing, the sources and types of pollution and remedial measures.
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