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Phytotoxicity and Cytotoxicity of Imidazolium Ionic Liquids Containing Sulfur Atom

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Ionic liquids have attracted considerable interest in various areas as new, nonvolatile and nonflammable organic solvents, catalysts, reaction additives, ligands, drugs, and other dedicated materials. Ionic liquids exhibit solubility both in organic solvents and in water. They also constitute very good solvents for many inorganic, organic, and organometallic compounds. Yet, the most important feature of ionic liquids is that they provide the possibility of obtaining substances of optimal properties for a given process through modification of the cation structure and selection of the appropriate anion. Therefore, the term designer solvents has been invented for these salts. The above characteristics and relatively low production cost may soon lead to the situation, in which huge amounts of these chemicals will be brought into environment via industry, agriculture, and commercial trading. Their general use, sometimes in bulky quantities, requires determination of their potential ecotoxicity on selected plant and animal organisms. Other biological tests, are also very important.
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Keywords: Ionic liquids; common radish; cytotoxicity land superior plants; phytotoxicity; spring barley

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Chemistry, Environment Protection and Biotechnology, Jan Długosz University, 13/15 Armii Krajowej Avenue 42-200, Częstochowa, Poland 2: Center of Molecular and Macromolecular Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sienkiewicza 112, 90-363, Łódź, Poland

Publication date: 01 April 2013

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