A novel protocol of energy optimisation for predicted protein structures built by homology modelling
Homology modelling was applied to predict the three-dimensional (3D) structures of six sets of lipase proteins. Sequence identities between the target and template were 34.6, 44.9, 57.4, 69.9, 79.0 and 86.2%, respectively. Then, eight different protocols including three optimising factors [periodically bounded cell (PBC) water, molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, 'grade-unpacking' strategy or 'combinatorial' strategy] were used to refine the initial model of each system. By comparing the energy-optimised models with the true 3D structure of the target protein in terms of all backbone atoms' root mean square deviation, we determined a novel but all-purpose protocol for model refinement. The protocol refined a homology model by adopting the 'grade-unpacking' strategy for energy minimisation while the model was solvated in PBC water. Furthermore, by comparing the influence of each single optimising factor on the accuracy of the refined structure, we found that introducing the MD simulation into the model refinement method would decrease the accuracy of the final protein structure while methods with either PBC water or the 'grade-unpacking' strategy would increase the accuracy of the final model.
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