THE IMPACT OF ACCEPTOR DOPANT MAGNESIUM AND OXYGEN VACANCY DEFECTS ON THE LATTICE OF BARIUM STRONTIUM TITANATE
Abstract:The effects of defects on the local and long range lattice parameters of barium strontium titanate were examined with ab-initio, density function theory (DFT) models, and the theoretical results were experimentally verified. Magnesium was examined as a B-site acceptor dopant in conjunction with oxygen vacancy defects. DFT results indicated that the lattice length between nearest titanium atoms would contract when magnesium was introduced onto the titanium site; however, the long-range titanium-titanium length would expand, resulting in an average lattice expansion for low magnesium dopant concentrations. Oxygen vacancies caused an expansion of the local lattice constant, the degree of which was influenced by the local strontium to barium ratio. The experimental results verified the generally observed theoretical trends.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-01-01