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Determination of ultratrace lead with bismuth film electrodes based on magneto-voltammetry

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A novel method for the determination of Pb2+ with bismuth film electrodes (BFEs) based on magneto-voltammetry was investigated. In the presence of a 0.6 T external magnetic field, square wave voltammetry of Pb2+ was performed with BFEs. A high concentration of Fe3+ was added to the analytes to generate a large cathodic current during the preconcentration step. A Lorentz force from the flux of net current through the magnetic field resulted in convection. Then, more Pb2+ deposited onto the electrode and larger stripping peak currents were observed. BFEs that were prepared by simultaneously depositing the bismuth and Pb2+ on an electrode offered a mercury-free environment for this determination. This method exhibits a high sensitivity of 4.61 µA µM-1 for Pb2+ over the 1 × 10-8 to 1 × 10-6 M range. A detection limit as low as 8.5 × 10-10 M was obtained with only 1-min preconcentration. The method was successfully applied to determine Pb2+ in real water samples.

Keywords: Bismuth film electrodes; Lead; Magneto-voltammetry; Square wave voltammetry

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: State Key Laboratory of Chemical, Biological Sensing Technologies & Chemometrics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China

Publication date: June 1, 2007

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