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On the fundamental paradox of stellar dynamics

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Various ways of solving the relaxation paradox for stellar systems are discussed. They include scattering on massive wave or material objects (giant molecular clouds, transient spiral arms and halo black holes), a revision of the Jeans–Chandrasekhar relaxation theory (resonant relaxation, relaxation in the smoothed field and collective relaxation in a steady non-integrable potential and in a non-steady (oscillating) mean field (violent relaxation)).

Keywords: Celestial mechanics; Galaxies; Relaxation; Stellar dynamics

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Space Technologies and Applied Astrodynamics, St Petersburg State University, Universitetskij Prospekt 35, Staryj Peterhof, St Petersburg, 198504, Russia

Publication date: 2006-04-01

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