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The use of the solar energy in photochemical and photocatalytic processes

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The increasing use of the Earth's natural resources has generated increasing disposal of waste products and contamination of the environment. Many of these products are organic chemicals. Characteristic examples of waste products in the atmosphere, hydrosphere and soil are insecticides, herbicides and pesticides used to protect crops, accidental leakages and spills, and the continual discharge of waste by products in effluent streams from petrochemical and essential industries. To purify these contaminated atmospheres, hydrosphere and soil a procedure and process has been developing with minimal specific consumption energy from a renewable energy source. This paper will provide a survey and analysis of the parameters, thermal efficiency and conversion energy in the use of solar energy in the photochemical and photocatalytic degradation processes of organic effluents. As a consequence of the use of solar energy in the degradation of these effluents, a conceptual solution of a technical-technological and photocatalytic process is given for effluents which are located in watercourses and soil in Yugoslavia.

Keywords: Photocatalytic processes; Photochemical processes; Solar energy

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: University of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy Department of Thermodynamics and Thermotechnics Karnegijeva 4, PO Box 3503 Belgrade Serbia Yugoslavia 11120 2: Division for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Sources Faculty of Agriculture Njegoseva 6 Belgrade Serbia Yugoslavia 11081

Publication date: December 1, 2003

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