Effect of Disc Rotating Velocity on the Nitrification Performance of RBC System and Biofilm Kinetics

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Abstract:

Nitrification of high strength ammonia wastewaters in a rotating biological contactor (RBC) system was studied at 5 rpm, 15 rpm and 20 rpm disc rotating velocities. Effect of disc rotating velocities on the performance of the RBC system and biofilm kinetics was observed. Flow rates were changed from 19.6 to 103.5 l day−1 giving hydraulic retention times of 0.28 to 1.5 days. Influent NH4-N concentrations were changed from 100 to 550 mg l−1. For certain applied NH4-N loading rates and bulk NH4-N concentrations, rotating velocity of discs affected NH4-N removal rate and biofilm kinetics in the RBC system. If NH4-N removal efficiency and NO2-N concentration in the effluent were considered, RBC system was more efficient at 15 rpm disc rotating velocity at about 6 g NH4-N m−2 day−1 applied NH4-N loading rates. NH4-N removal rate of the RBC system at 5 rpm, 15 rpm and 20 rpm disc rotating velocities was nearly equal at applied NH4-N loading rates up to about 3.5 gNH4-N m−2 day−1.

Keywords: Nitrification; biofilm kinetics; disc rotating velocity; rotating biological contactor

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: TUBITAK-Marmara Research Centre, Energy Systems and Environmental Research Institute, Gebze, 41470, Kocaeli, Turkey

Publication date: January 1, 1999

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