Effect of Sclerotial Damage of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on the Mycoparasitic Activity of Trichoderma hamatum

$61.20 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Damaged sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum buried in soil infested with Trichoderma hamatum isolate TMCS - 3 were degraded rapidly when the medulla of sclerotia was com pletely exposed by the feeding activity of larvae of the fungus gnat Bradysia coprophila. These heavily damaged sclerotia also enhanced , in vitro, the growth of TMCS - 3 . Growth of TMCS - 3 in liquid culture was studied using different carbon sources as substrates , including sclerotia of S. sclerotiorum. Significantly more biomass of TMCS - 3 was recovered using sclerotia as a substrate compared to other carbon sources tested . Exudates from sclerotia whose melanized rinds had been completely removed by feeding larvae accelerated the germination of conidia of TMCS - 3 . Concentrations of amino acids , carbohydrates and proteins in the sclerotial exudates were not increased as damage to sclerotia was increased . Exudation of electrolytes was higher in undamaged than damaged sclerotia . Glucanase activity of TMCS - 3 was slightly increased when the fungus was exposed to damaged sclerotia . However , chitinase activity was not increased by damaging the sclerotia . Larval damage altered the sclerotia not only physically but also chemically , thereby enhancing the activity of the fungus T. hamatum.

Keywords: BRADYSIA COPROPHILIA; CHITINASE; FUNGUS GNATS; GLUCANASE; SCLEROTIA; SCLEROTINIA SCLEROTIORUM; TRICHODERMA HAMATUM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09583159730811

Publication date: September 1, 1997

More about this publication?
Related content

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more