Suppression of Plant-parasitic Nematode Populations in Turfgrass by Application of Entomopathogenic Nematodes
Abstract:We studied the influence of entomopathogenic nematodes , Steinernema carpocapsae and S. riobravis, on natural populations of plant - parasitic nematodes (PPNs) infesting turfgrass in Georgia and South Carolina . S. riobravis applied at 6 109 infective juveniles (IJs) / acre provided up to 95 - 100% control of the root - knot , Meloidogyne sp ., sting , Belonolaimus longicaudatus, and ring nematode , Criconemella sp ., in Georgia , but S. carpocapsae had no effect . S. riobravis was as effective as the chemical nematicide , Fenamiphos (Nemacur 10G) at 4 weeks after treatment and more effective at 8 weeks after treatment . In South Carolina , both S. riobravis and S. carpocapsae applied at 1 109 IJs / acre provided up to 86 - 100 % control of the root - knot , sting and ring nematodes . Application of 6 109 IJs / acre increased control by only 4 - 14 % over the 1 109 dosage . Possible causes of differences in efficacy of S. carpocapsae at the two sites are discussed . It is concluded that S. riobravis may provide effective , predictable and economical control of PPNs in turfgrass .
Keywords: BELONOLAIMUS LONGICAUDATUS; BIOLOGICAL CONTROL; CRICONEMELLA SP; ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES; MELOIDOGYNE SP; PLANT - PARASITIC NEMATODES; STEINERNEMA CARPOCAPSAE; STEINERNEMA RIOBRAVIS; TURFGRASS PESTS
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1997-09-01