Use of Risk Analysis for Screening Weed Biocontrol Agents: Altica carduorum Guer. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from China as a Biocontrol Agent of Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. in North America

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Abstract:

Candidate weed biocontrol agents must be screened to exclude those that could threaten desirable plants . Traditionally , this has been done by rejecting species that develop on economically important plants in laboratory no - choice tests . However , because congeneric plants often support development in these tests , even when they are not utilized in nature , the tests do not meet legislated requirements for rare plant species or the increasing public concern for native plants . Plant suitability for larval development is a poor predictor of host range because insects use a sequence of steps in which the early steps , such as host finding and acceptance for oviposition , tend to be stronger than the later ones , such as suitability for development . This study is a trial of a new approach to screening insects as weed biocontrol agents that uses risk analysis to quantify the suitability of a plant as a host on the basis of inset performance at various stages in its life cycle . The insects used for the study was a NW Chinese biotype of the leaf beetle , Altica carduorum, which in terms of climate adaptation and damage it inflicts on the weedy thistle Cirsium arvense, is a promising biocontrol agent for Canada . However , its ability to develop on all North American Cirsium spp . in laboratory no - choice tests currently excludes its release . We show by risk and factor analyses , with five sequential host - selection parameters , that the suitability of these thistles to A. carduorum is so low that the beetle would not jeopardize the continued existence of rare native thistles , so its release should not be a problem .

Keywords: ALTICA CARDUORUM; CIRSIUM ARVENSE; HOST SPECIFICITY; RISK ANALYSIS; RISK ASSESSMENT; WEED BIOCONTROL

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09583159730712

Publication date: September 1, 1997

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