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Field Efficacy of Entomopathogenic Nematodes against the Sugar-beet Weevil Temnorhinus ( = Conorrhynchus ) mendicus Gyll. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

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Abstract:

In 1992 and 1993, the field effectiveness of Heterorhabditis sp. (NL-HL81 strain), H. bacteriophora (HP 88 strain) and Steinernema carpocapsae ('All' strain) against the larvae of Temnorhinus mendicus Gyll. was assessed. The biological tests were compared with two chemical treatments (cypermethrin or deltamethrin) and one untreated control. In 1992, S. carpocapsae gave better results than Heterorhabditis sp. in reducing the percentage of infested roots, as compared with the untreated sample and the chemical one; similarly, the irrigated control gave the best results. In 1993, three concentrations of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) were tested: 0.250 106 infective juveniles (IJs) m - 2, 0.125 106 IJs m - 2 and 0.075 106 IJs m - 2. The different numbers of EPNs did not give very different results from each other; however, H. bacteriophora at 0.075 106 IJs m - 2 was the least effective. In general, cypermethrin was more effective than deltamethrin, but one treatment with EPNs followed by irrigation was always more effective than two chemical applications.

Keywords: BIOLOGICAL CONTROL; CONORRHYNCHUS MENDICUS; HETERORHABDITIS BACTERIOPHORA; HETERORHABDITIS SP; STEINERNEMA CARPOCAPSAE; SUGAR-BEET WEEVIL; TEMNORHINUS MENDICUS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09583159730929

Publication date: June 1, 1997

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