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Hemocompatibility studies of surface-treated polyurethane-based chronic indwelling catheters

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The objectives of this research were to evaluate and compare the interactions of several polyurethane-based central venous catheter materials with blood. Specifically, measurements of fibrinogen adsorption, platelet adhesion, kallikrein generation, and fibrinopeptide A (FPA) release were performed. The catheter materials examined in this study included: platinum-cured, 50 shore A durometer, barium sulfate-filled, silicone (SI); Tecoflex EG85A-B20 polyurethane (PU); PU catheters whose outer surface had been impregnated with ion beam-deposited silver atoms (AgI and AgII); PU catheters coated with a hydrophilic, polyacrylic acid polymer (UC); PU catheters coated with an air-cured PTFE emulsion (CS); and PU catheters coated with an aminofunctional dimethylsiloxane copolymer (JG). The time course of fibrinogen adsorption from plasma to the SI, JG, PU, and CS materials was similar, with CS exhibiting the least amount of adsorbed fibrinogen after 1 h (65±4.7 ng cm-2) and PU the greatest (144±16.5 ng cm-2). After 90 min of contact, AgI and AgII exhibited the greatest number of adherent platelets, levels that were approximately two to three times higher than those on the other catheter materials. With the exception of UC and PU, which caused kallikrein generation levels approximately half that of the positive (glass) control, little kallikrein formation was observed for any of the materials relative to the negative control. Finally, FPA generation was greatest using the SI, CS, and PU materials, with the latter causing the production of almost four times the amount of FPA as the negative control. This preliminary assessment of the hemocompatibility of the various catheters suggests that the surface treatments did not adversely affect their interactions with blood components; further investigations of these materials are therefore warranted in order to completely characterize their behavior prior to use in clinical situations.
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Keywords: Hemocompatibility; coagulation; fibrinogen adsorption; platelet adhesion; polyurethanes

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA 2: Department of Research and Development, Access Systems Division, SIMS Deltec, Inc., 1265 Grey Fox Road, St. Paul, MN 55112, USA

Publication date: 1997-01-01

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