If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

The Mitochondrion: An Integration Point of Cellular Metabolism and Signalling

$61.74 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

In addition to efficient synthesis of ATP by oxidative phosphorylation, acquisition of the mitochondrial endosymbiont brought a whole range of new metabolic capabilities to the ancestral eukaryotic cell lineage such that the mitochondrion retains an important role in numerous anabolic and catabolic processes. While respiration dominates metabolism of the mitochondrion, this organelle is also important in the catabolism of amino acids and the provision of carbon skeletons for biosynthesis of a wide range of compounds including amino acids, vitamins, lipids, and tetrapyrroles. However, mitochondrial metabolism is best understood in the context of cellular metabolism as a whole; this is particularly true in auxotrophic organisms such as plants. For this reason understanding of the integration of mitochondrial metabolism with associated metabolic pathways in distinct cellular locations is of great importance. The examples of photorespiration, proline, cysteine, branched chain amino acid, ascorbate and folate metabolism all indicate that mitochondrial steps in these pathways are critical to their function and regulation. Moreover, the central metabolic position of the mitochondrion and its key roles in bioenergetics and redox regulation, additionally mean that it is ideally placed to act as a sensor of the biochemical status of the cell. When taken together these observations suggest that the myriad nonrespiratory functions of the mitochondria are of vast importance in the coordination of plant cellular metabolism and function.

Keywords: amino acid metabolism; cellular signalling; programmed cell death; redox; tricarboxylic acid cycle

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07352680601147919

Affiliations: 1: Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom 2: Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie, Am Mühlenberg, Potsdam-Golm, Germany

Publication date: January 1, 2007

Related content

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more